The rise of the Internet in the late 1990s and early 2000s similarly changed the way pornographic films were distributed and furthermore, complicating the censorship regimes around the world and the legal prosecution of obscenity.Pornographic films are typically categorized as either softcore or hardcore pornography.Production of erotic films commenced almost immediately after the invention of the motion picture.Two of the earliest pioneers were Frenchmen Eugène Pirou and Albert Kirchner.Films with risqué content have been produced since the invention of the motion picture in the 1880s.Production of such films was profitable, and a number of producers began to specialise in their production.Before Schwarzer's productions, erotic films were provided by the Pathé brothers from French produced sources.In 1911, Saturn was dissolved by the censorship authorities which destroyed all the films they could find, though some have since resurfaced from private collections.
Such films continued to be produced but could only be distributed by underground channels.
Kirchner (under the name "Léar") directed the earliest surviving erotic film for Pirou.
The 7-minute 1896 film Le Coucher de la Mariée had Louise Willy performing a bathroom striptease.
There were a number of American films in the 1910s which contained female nudity in film.
Because Pirou is nearly unknown as a pornographic filmmaker, credit is often given to other films for being the first.